Implementation of UN Security Council resolution no. 1325

Created: 2014.02.07 / Updated: 2021.03.15 07:51

For the first time in history, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security has evaluated the role and experiences of women in situations of armed conflict. Contemporary armed conflicts are characterised by the fact that civilians, especially women and children, are particularly vulnerable in conflict situations. The number of female combatants, whether forcibly recruited or voluntarily enlisted in armed conflict, is also growing. Nevertheless, the role of women is not recognised, and their experience is not appreciated.

The resolution calls on member states to increase women's participation at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management and resolution of conflict; requests to provide training guidelines and materials on the protection, rights and the particular needs of women, as well as on the importance of involving women in all peacekeeping and peace-building measures, to incorporate these elements as well as HIV/AIDS awareness training into national training programmes for military and civilian police personnel in preparation for deployment, and to increase voluntary financial, technical and logistical support for gender-sensitive training efforts.

The resolution is important for Lithuania in terms of strengthening the role of women both in Lithuania’s society and the international dimension, also in the context of the country’s membership of the EU and NATO, both of which pay considerable attention to the implementation of the resolution, and, finally, in terms of implementing the objectives of national foreign policy, security policy and development cooperation policy, and of taking part in international peacekeeping missions. During its period of office, Lithuania’s Presidency of international organisations shall, inter alia, support a comprehensive and active role of those organisations in the implementation of equal opportunities for women and men, and of initiatives to protect women's rights.

On 22 June 2020, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania issued an Order No V-146, releasing the second National Action Plan (NAP) for the Implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 for the period 2020-2024.

The National Action Plan takes into account the lessons learnt and experiences gained over the last twenty years, during which the country was implementing the UNSC Resolution 1325, the conclusions of the Council of the European Union on women, peace and security, and the provisions of the EU Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) 2019-2024. The NAP includes objectives, targets, specific implementing measures, expected results and allocated budget. The NAP aims to strengthen women's role in the building of peace and to promote their participation in security and democratic processes at the national and international levels.

In Lithuania, the NAP shall be implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, the Ministry of Health, and the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior. The majority of goals and objectives outlined in the UNSC Resolution 1325, such as an active international activity with a view to ensuring the implementation of the resolution in international organisations, support to initiatives of other countries, non-tolerance of violence against women during situations of conflict and the like shall be implemented using diplomatic actions that do not require separate funding.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs monitors the implementation of the NAP.

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Lithuania's chairmanship of the forum for security co-operation of OSCE

Lithuania holds chairmanship of the Forum for Security Co-Operation of OSCE during the period May – August, 2013. In the view of active engagement in implementing OSCE’s Vilnius Ministerial decision No. 7/11, Lithuania considers implementation of UNSCR 1325 (2000) and related resolutions as one of its chairmanship priorities. Therefore two security dialogues were organized on the issues of Women, Peace and Security:

Lithuania's chairmanship of the organization for security and co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

Under the chairmanship of Lithuania in 2011  OSCE’s Vilnius Ministerial Council at 7 December 2011 adopted two decisions, having impact on the issues of women, peace and security:

Vilnius Ministerial Council has also adopted a decision No. 7/11 on Issues relevant to the Forum for Security Co-operation, which tasked the Forum, in accordance with its mandate to examine ways that it can assist in the implementation in the OSCE region of the UNSCR 1325 (2000) and related resolutions on the issue of gender and security.

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